We report on the fabrication of Long Period Gratings (LPGs) in hollow-core air-silica photonic bandgap fibers by using pressure assisted Electrode Arc Discharge (EAD) technique. In particular, the fabrication procedure relies on the combined use of EAD step, to locally heat the HC fiber, and of a static pressure slightly higher than the external one inside the fiber holes, to modify the holes. This procedure permits to preserve the holey structure of the host fiber avoiding any hole collapsing and it enables a local effective refractive index change due to the size and shape modifications of core and cladding holes. Periodically repeated EAD treatments permit the fabrication of LPGs based devices in hollow core optical fibers enabling new functionalities hitherto not possible. Here, the experimental fabrication of LPG prototypes with different periods and lengths are discussed. And, the HC-LPGs sensitivity to environmental parameters such as strain and temperature are investigated.
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