The fast motion of gravity currents of granular solids is studied with a focus on the dynamical structure of the frontal zone. The front of thecurrent is “immobilized ” and observed in a fixed frame of reference by letting the current flow inside a rotary drum, big enough to make curvatureeffects negligible. The study addresses the motion of beds made of particles of different size and density, corresponding to different values of theincipient fluidization velocity. The establishment of a variety of flow regimes, including intermittent avalanching, periodic “plunging breaking ”and permanent fluidization of the granular solids in the frontal zone has been recorded. Flow regimes have been related to flow conditions and tothe nature of the granular solids with an attempt to define a criterion for the self-fluidization of the current. Results suggest that such a criterionshould include the canonical Froude number, determining the onset of front instabilities, and the ratio of the incipient fluidization velocity of th ebed solids to the velocity of the current. The relative importance of the establishment of a purely “granular liquid ” state versus fluidization due togas entrainment is addressed and discussed with a focus on the effects on solids flowability.

Self-Fluidization of subaerial rapid granular flows

BARESCHINO P
;
2008

Abstract

The fast motion of gravity currents of granular solids is studied with a focus on the dynamical structure of the frontal zone. The front of thecurrent is “immobilized ” and observed in a fixed frame of reference by letting the current flow inside a rotary drum, big enough to make curvatureeffects negligible. The study addresses the motion of beds made of particles of different size and density, corresponding to different values of theincipient fluidization velocity. The establishment of a variety of flow regimes, including intermittent avalanching, periodic “plunging breaking ”and permanent fluidization of the granular solids in the frontal zone has been recorded. Flow regimes have been related to flow conditions and tothe nature of the granular solids with an attempt to define a criterion for the self-fluidization of the current. Results suggest that such a criterionshould include the canonical Froude number, determining the onset of front instabilities, and the ratio of the incipient fluidization velocity of th ebed solids to the velocity of the current. The relative importance of the establishment of a purely “granular liquid ” state versus fluidization due togas entrainment is addressed and discussed with a focus on the effects on solids flowability.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12070/963
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