Local microearthquakes were used to estimate site effects and source dynamic-scaling characteristics at Mt. Vesuvius, Italy. The selected data set is composed of low magnitude events (1.1 £ Md £ 3.6) recorded in 1996 and 1999 by nine digital shortperiod (1-Hz) seismic stations. Site response was evaluated by analysing data with three different approaches: 1) spectral ratios method of S-waves with respect to the average amplitude spectrum; 2) generalized inversion for site and source from the S-waves; and 3) generalized inversion from the coda waves. The results obtained with all three methods showed amplification of a factor of 1.5-2.5 in the 8-14 Hz frequency band for BKE and SGV sites and an amplification of 3 in a narrow band around 8 Hz for the CDT site. Method 2 allowed simultaneous determination of the source spectral shape for each earthquake. By assuming an w2 source model, we estimated the seismic moment Mo and corner frequency fc. The results show that most of the selected earthquakes are characterized by stress drops of 10 bars. The present results are encouraging for further investigation into the techniques for site-effect evaluation and for improving our knowledge of the scaling law of the source spectrum at Mt. Vesuvius.
|Titolo:||Site Effects Estimation and Source-Scaling Dynamics for Local Earthquakes at Mt. Vesuvius, Italy|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||4.1 Contributo in Atti di convegno|