OBJECTIVE:To analyse the association of the UCP2 gene, alone or in combination with the PPARgamma2 gene, with obesity.DESIGN:Cross-sectional, case-control study.STUDY POPULATION:From a working population of 4500 Italian Caucasian employees of the Italian telephone company participating in a firm-sponsored health screening programme, we selected all those with obesity [n = 122; body mass index (BMI) > or = 30 kg/m2]. For each case, three nonobese age- and sex-matched individuals were selected as controls from the same population (n = 374). Included in the study were also 76 severely obese (BMI > or = 40 kg/m2) patients consecutively admitted to the obesity clinic of the department. Diabetic individuals were excluded.MEASUREMENTS:The -866G/A UCP2 and the Pro12Ala PPARgamma2 polymorphisms were determined on genomic DNA of the studied individuals. Several metabolic and anthropometric measures were also obtained, like plasma glucose, insulin, triglycerides, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and BMI.RESULTS:BMI, plasma glucose, insulin, triglycerides, total and HDL cholesterol were not significantly different in carriers and noncarriers of the -866G/A variant. No significant association was observed between the -866G/A UCP2 gene polymorphism and moderate or severe obesity. This was also observed when the UCP2 polymorphism was analysed in combination with the PPARgamma2 polymorphisms.CONCLUSIONS:The -866G/A variants of the UCP2 gene are not associated with either obesity or other features of the metabolic syndrome in the studied groups of the Italian population. This negative finding is not modified after a combined analysis of the UCP2 polymorphism and the Pro12Ala polymorphism of PPARgamma2.
|Titolo:||Variants of uncoupling protein-2 gene and obesity: interaction with peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma2|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|