: Gain-of-function (GoF) variants in KCNT1 channels cause severe, drug-resistant forms of epilepsy. Quinidine is a known KCNT1 blocker, but its clinical use is limited due to severe drawbacks. To identify novel KCNT1 blockers, a homology model of human KCNT1 was built and used to screen an in-house library of compounds. Among the 20 molecules selected, five (CPK4, 13, 16, 18, and 20) showed strong KCNT1-blocking ability in an in vitro fluorescence-based assay. Patch-clamp experiments confirmed a higher KCNT1-blocking potency of these compounds when compared to quinidine, and their selectivity for KCNT1 over hERG and Kv7.2 channels. Among identified molecules, CPK20 displayed the highest metabolic stability; this compound also blocked KCNT2 currents, although with a lower potency, and counteracted GoF effects prompted by 2 recurrent epilepsy-causing KCNT1 variants (G288S and A934T). The present results provide solid rational basis for future design of novel compounds to counteract KCNT1-related neurological disorders.

In Silico Assisted Identification, Synthesis, and In Vitro Pharmacological Characterization of Potent and Selective Blockers of the Epilepsy-Associated KCNT1 Channel

Belperio, Giorgio;Ambrosino, Paolo;
2024-01-01

Abstract

: Gain-of-function (GoF) variants in KCNT1 channels cause severe, drug-resistant forms of epilepsy. Quinidine is a known KCNT1 blocker, but its clinical use is limited due to severe drawbacks. To identify novel KCNT1 blockers, a homology model of human KCNT1 was built and used to screen an in-house library of compounds. Among the 20 molecules selected, five (CPK4, 13, 16, 18, and 20) showed strong KCNT1-blocking ability in an in vitro fluorescence-based assay. Patch-clamp experiments confirmed a higher KCNT1-blocking potency of these compounds when compared to quinidine, and their selectivity for KCNT1 over hERG and Kv7.2 channels. Among identified molecules, CPK20 displayed the highest metabolic stability; this compound also blocked KCNT2 currents, although with a lower potency, and counteracted GoF effects prompted by 2 recurrent epilepsy-causing KCNT1 variants (G288S and A934T). The present results provide solid rational basis for future design of novel compounds to counteract KCNT1-related neurological disorders.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12070/64339
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