Early life exposure to Endocrine Disruptor Chemicals (EDCs), such as the organophosphate pesticide Chlorpyrifos (CPF), affects the thyroid activity and dependent process, including the glucose metabolism. The damage of thyroid hormones (THs) as a mechanism of action of CPF is underestimated because the studies rarely consider that TH levels and signaling are customized peripherally. Here, we investigated the impairment of metabolism/signaling of THs and lipid/glucose metabolism in the livers of 6-month-old mice, developmentally and lifelong exposed to 0.1, 1, and 10 mg/kg/die CPF (F1) and their offspring similarly exposed (F2), analyzing the levels of transcripts of the enzymes involved in the metabolism of T3 (Dio1), lipids (Fasn, Acc1), and glucose (G6pase, Pck1). Both processes were altered only in F2 males, affected by hypothyroidism and by a systemic hyperglycemia linked to the activation of gluconeogenesis in mice exposed to 1 and 10 mg/kg/die CPF. Interestingly, we observed an increase in active FOXO1 protein due to a decrease in AKT phosphorylation, despite insulin signaling activation. Experiments in vitro revealed that chronic exposure to CPF affected glucose metabolism via the direct modulation of FOXO1 activity and T3 levels in hepatic cells. In conclusion, we described different sex and intergenerational effects of CPF exposure on the hepatic homeostasis of THs, their signaling, and, finally, glucose metabolism. The data points to FOXO1-T3-glucose signaling as a target of CPF in liver.

Chronic Exposure to Chlorpyrifos Damages Thyroid Activity and Imbalances Hepatic Thyroid Hormones Signaling and Glucose Metabolism: Dependency of T3-FOXO1 Axis by Hyperglycemia

Giacco, Antonia;Silvestri, Elena;Ambrosino, Concetta
2023-01-01

Abstract

Early life exposure to Endocrine Disruptor Chemicals (EDCs), such as the organophosphate pesticide Chlorpyrifos (CPF), affects the thyroid activity and dependent process, including the glucose metabolism. The damage of thyroid hormones (THs) as a mechanism of action of CPF is underestimated because the studies rarely consider that TH levels and signaling are customized peripherally. Here, we investigated the impairment of metabolism/signaling of THs and lipid/glucose metabolism in the livers of 6-month-old mice, developmentally and lifelong exposed to 0.1, 1, and 10 mg/kg/die CPF (F1) and their offspring similarly exposed (F2), analyzing the levels of transcripts of the enzymes involved in the metabolism of T3 (Dio1), lipids (Fasn, Acc1), and glucose (G6pase, Pck1). Both processes were altered only in F2 males, affected by hypothyroidism and by a systemic hyperglycemia linked to the activation of gluconeogenesis in mice exposed to 1 and 10 mg/kg/die CPF. Interestingly, we observed an increase in active FOXO1 protein due to a decrease in AKT phosphorylation, despite insulin signaling activation. Experiments in vitro revealed that chronic exposure to CPF affected glucose metabolism via the direct modulation of FOXO1 activity and T3 levels in hepatic cells. In conclusion, we described different sex and intergenerational effects of CPF exposure on the hepatic homeostasis of THs, their signaling, and, finally, glucose metabolism. The data points to FOXO1-T3-glucose signaling as a target of CPF in liver.
2023
deiodinases
endocrine disruptor
glucose metabolism
thyroid hormones
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12070/62900
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