In the Vitulano area, Upper Cretaceous bauxite bodies fill small depressions and karst cavities within Cretaceous shallow-water limestones. These bauxites were studied to understand the processes that led to their formation. Geochemical, mineralogical, and petrographic analyses were carried out on the bauxite samples, together with image analysis providing geometric parameters. The texture of Vitulano bauxite consists of ooids and sub-circular aggregates dispersed in a predominantly Ca-rich matrix. Ooids are generally formed by a single large core, often surrounded by an alternation of different aggregates of boehmite and Al-hematite reflecting different climate periods. The composition is dominated by the major elements Al2O3 and CaO with lower concentrations of Fe2O3 and SiO2. Boehmite, calcite, hematite, and anatase are the main mineralogical phases identified. Image analysis provided values of fractal dimension D that gives information on carbonate platform exposure times since it is linked to long-lasting sub-aerial events and diffusion-limited cluster aggregation processes. The tectonic evolution of the area played an important role in the genesis of the Vitulano bauxites since it favored the erosion, transport, and re-deposition of pre-existing bauxite material from the surrounding Campania bauxites. Based on this hypothesis, Vitulano bauxites are defined and classified as para-autochthonous, and this was supported by Eu/Eu* vs. Sm/Nd and Eu/Eu* vs. TiO2 Al2O3 indices displaying a similarity between Vitulano and the other Campania bauxites.

Geochemistry and Geometrical Features of the Upper Cretaceous Vitulano Para-Autochthonous Karst Bauxites (Campania Region, Southern Italy): Constraints on Genesis and Deposition

Ciarcia, S
Supervision
;
2023-01-01

Abstract

In the Vitulano area, Upper Cretaceous bauxite bodies fill small depressions and karst cavities within Cretaceous shallow-water limestones. These bauxites were studied to understand the processes that led to their formation. Geochemical, mineralogical, and petrographic analyses were carried out on the bauxite samples, together with image analysis providing geometric parameters. The texture of Vitulano bauxite consists of ooids and sub-circular aggregates dispersed in a predominantly Ca-rich matrix. Ooids are generally formed by a single large core, often surrounded by an alternation of different aggregates of boehmite and Al-hematite reflecting different climate periods. The composition is dominated by the major elements Al2O3 and CaO with lower concentrations of Fe2O3 and SiO2. Boehmite, calcite, hematite, and anatase are the main mineralogical phases identified. Image analysis provided values of fractal dimension D that gives information on carbonate platform exposure times since it is linked to long-lasting sub-aerial events and diffusion-limited cluster aggregation processes. The tectonic evolution of the area played an important role in the genesis of the Vitulano bauxites since it favored the erosion, transport, and re-deposition of pre-existing bauxite material from the surrounding Campania bauxites. Based on this hypothesis, Vitulano bauxites are defined and classified as para-autochthonous, and this was supported by Eu/Eu* vs. Sm/Nd and Eu/Eu* vs. TiO2 Al2O3 indices displaying a similarity between Vitulano and the other Campania bauxites.
2023
geochemistry
image analysis
Campania bauxites
southern Italy
para-autochthonous deposit
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12070/58499
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