In this paper, we propose a Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) interrogation system based on the modulation of the laser wavelength. Key component of the interrogation scheme is in a Digital Supermode -Distributed Bragg Reflector (DS-DBR) Laser. The DS-DBR features a large spectral range and a fast modulation capability in a low cost device. When the laser spans over the FBG spectral range, the power of the reflected signal changes over time according the FBG spectral shape. The information on the Bragg wavelength can be extracted from the modulated signal reflected by the FBG in the time domain. We implemented the proposed interrogation scheme by discrete components demonstrating its capability to retrieve the Bragg wavelength of one or more FBGs. The interrogation system features an intrinsic tradeoff between spectral resolution and interrogation speed. A Bragg wavelength resolution of 1.5 pm has been obtained using 1 kHz modulating frequency. The proposed interrogation system is particular suited in applications in which an adaptive interrogation strategy can be conveniently adopted.

Fiber Bragg Grating interrogation system based on the laser wavelength modulation in a Digital Supermode -Distributed Bragg Reflector Laser

Pisco M.
;
Cusano A.
2022-01-01

Abstract

In this paper, we propose a Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) interrogation system based on the modulation of the laser wavelength. Key component of the interrogation scheme is in a Digital Supermode -Distributed Bragg Reflector (DS-DBR) Laser. The DS-DBR features a large spectral range and a fast modulation capability in a low cost device. When the laser spans over the FBG spectral range, the power of the reflected signal changes over time according the FBG spectral shape. The information on the Bragg wavelength can be extracted from the modulated signal reflected by the FBG in the time domain. We implemented the proposed interrogation scheme by discrete components demonstrating its capability to retrieve the Bragg wavelength of one or more FBGs. The interrogation system features an intrinsic tradeoff between spectral resolution and interrogation speed. A Bragg wavelength resolution of 1.5 pm has been obtained using 1 kHz modulating frequency. The proposed interrogation system is particular suited in applications in which an adaptive interrogation strategy can be conveniently adopted.
Digital Supermode -Distributed Bragg Reflector (DS-DBR) Laser
Fiber Bragg Gratings
Fiber gratings
Fiber lasers
Frequency modulation
Interrogation system
Lasers
Modulation
Optical fibers
Optical reflection
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12070/56380
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