Aims: Prostatic cancer may remain organ-confined indefinitely; in a number of patients, however it gives rise to clinical symptoms and death. The biological behaviour of this tumour mostly remains difficult to predict. A promising tool for diagnosis and prognosis of some human tumours is the chromatin assembly factor-1 (CAF-1), involved in the control of higher order chromatin organization. The aim was to explore the role of CAF-1/p60 protein as a new prognostic marker for prostatic cancer. Methods and results: The expression of CAF-1/p60 was evaluated by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting in a selected series of prostatic cancers and in prostatic cancer cell lines. Results were compared with clinico-pathological data and outcome of patients. CAF-1/p60 was expressed in all cases, with a linear increase from low-grade tumours (Gleason score <7) to high-grade prostatic cancers (Gleason score >7). By comparing results with follow-up data, a significant association between overexpression of CAF-1/p60 and unfavourable behaviour of prostatic cancer emerged, and its predictive value was independent of classical prognostic factors. Conclusions: In our series of cases, overexpression of CAF-1/p60 characterized prostatic cancers with a worse prognosis. CAF-1/p60 has a potential role as a new reliable prognostic biomarker for prostatic cancer.

Overexpression of chromatin assembly factor-1 (CAF-1) p60 is predictive of adverse behaviour of prostatic cancer

MANCINI FP;
2009

Abstract

Aims: Prostatic cancer may remain organ-confined indefinitely; in a number of patients, however it gives rise to clinical symptoms and death. The biological behaviour of this tumour mostly remains difficult to predict. A promising tool for diagnosis and prognosis of some human tumours is the chromatin assembly factor-1 (CAF-1), involved in the control of higher order chromatin organization. The aim was to explore the role of CAF-1/p60 protein as a new prognostic marker for prostatic cancer. Methods and results: The expression of CAF-1/p60 was evaluated by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting in a selected series of prostatic cancers and in prostatic cancer cell lines. Results were compared with clinico-pathological data and outcome of patients. CAF-1/p60 was expressed in all cases, with a linear increase from low-grade tumours (Gleason score <7) to high-grade prostatic cancers (Gleason score >7). By comparing results with follow-up data, a significant association between overexpression of CAF-1/p60 and unfavourable behaviour of prostatic cancer emerged, and its predictive value was independent of classical prognostic factors. Conclusions: In our series of cases, overexpression of CAF-1/p60 characterized prostatic cancers with a worse prognosis. CAF-1/p60 has a potential role as a new reliable prognostic biomarker for prostatic cancer.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12070/5434
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