Thyroid hormones (TH) are major modulators of energy metabolism and thermogenesis. It is generally believed that 3,5,3'-triiodo-l-thyronine (T3) is the only active form of TH, and that most of its effects are mediated by nuclear T3 receptors, which chiefly affect the transcription of target genes. Some of these genes encode for the proteins involved in energy metabolism. However, a growing volume of evidence now indicates that other iodothyronines may be biologically active. Several mechanisms have been proposed to explain the calorigenic effect of TH, but none has received universal acceptance. Cold acclimation/exposure and altered nutritional status are physiological conditions in which a modulation of energy expenditure is particularly important. TH seem to be deeply involved in this modulation, and this article will review some aspects of their possible influence in these conditions.
|Titolo:||Thyroid hormones as molecular determinants of thermogenesis|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|