Lab-on-fiber (LOF) optrodes are recently emerging not only as valid platforms for biosensing, but also as promising light-controlled actuators in drug-delivery, optical trapping and thermo-ablation systems. In this regard, the thermo-plasmonic effect has been recognized as an intriguing tool for conferring to the optical fiber the capability of interacting with the external environment through the fine control of local overheating actuated by light in the range of few mW. However, the evaluation of the thermo-plasmonic overheating on small areas such as that of a standard single mode fiber tip is not trivial, especially in liquid solutions, where these probes typically operate. Here we demonstrate that by functionalizing the metallic nanostructure of LOF devices with a thermoresponsive smart materials, it is possible to measure the light-induced overheating on the fiber tip. Specifically, we monitored the plasmonic resonance wavelength shift induced by the temperature-dependent swelling dynamics of different microgel films deposited on the nanostructure. We find a local overheating of about 8 °C mW-1, i.e. also in line with our theoretical predictions based on numerical simulations. Our results demonstrate that the proposed approach is a valid methodology for the direct and continuous monitoring of the temperature changes in LOF devices induced by the input optical power in liquid environment. Our findings lay the basis for the analysis of thermo-plasmonic optical fiber probes exploitable in many applications, especially for the life science sector.

Analysis of thermo-plasmonic lab-on-fiber probes in liquid environments

Giaquinto M.;Principe S.;Micco A.;Persiano G. V.;Ricciardi A.
;
Cusano A.
2021

Abstract

Lab-on-fiber (LOF) optrodes are recently emerging not only as valid platforms for biosensing, but also as promising light-controlled actuators in drug-delivery, optical trapping and thermo-ablation systems. In this regard, the thermo-plasmonic effect has been recognized as an intriguing tool for conferring to the optical fiber the capability of interacting with the external environment through the fine control of local overheating actuated by light in the range of few mW. However, the evaluation of the thermo-plasmonic overheating on small areas such as that of a standard single mode fiber tip is not trivial, especially in liquid solutions, where these probes typically operate. Here we demonstrate that by functionalizing the metallic nanostructure of LOF devices with a thermoresponsive smart materials, it is possible to measure the light-induced overheating on the fiber tip. Specifically, we monitored the plasmonic resonance wavelength shift induced by the temperature-dependent swelling dynamics of different microgel films deposited on the nanostructure. We find a local overheating of about 8 °C mW-1, i.e. also in line with our theoretical predictions based on numerical simulations. Our results demonstrate that the proposed approach is a valid methodology for the direct and continuous monitoring of the temperature changes in LOF devices induced by the input optical power in liquid environment. Our findings lay the basis for the analysis of thermo-plasmonic optical fiber probes exploitable in many applications, especially for the life science sector.
Lab-on-fiber
Microgel
Nanoholes array
Thermo-plasmonics
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12070/52435
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