In this paper, three alternative layouts (scenarios) of an innovative solar-assistedhybrid desiccant-based air handling unit (AHU) are investigated through dynamic simulations.Performance is evaluated with respect to a reference system and compared to those of the innovativeplant without modifications. For each scenario, different collector types, surfaces and tilt angles areconsidered. The effect of the solar thermal energy surplus exploitation for other low-temperatureuses is also investigated. The first alternative scenario consists of the recovery of the heat rejectedby the condenser of the chiller to pre-heat the regeneration air. The second scenario considers thepre-heating of regeneration air with the warmer regeneration air exiting the desiccant wheel (DW).The last scenario provides pre-cooling of the process air before entering the DW. Results revealthat the plants with evacuated solar collectors (SC) can ensure primary energy savings (15%–24%)and avoid equivalent CO2 emissions (14%–22%), about 10 percentage points more than those withflat-plate collectors, when the solar thermal energy is used only for air conditioning and the collectorshave the best tilt angle. If all of the solar thermal energy is considered, the best results with evacuatedtube collectors are approximately 73% in terms of primary energy saving, 71% in terms of avoidedequivalent CO2 emissions and a payback period of six years.

Performance Assessment of a Solar-Assisted Desiccant-Based Air Handling Unit Considering Different Scenarios

Angrisani G;Roselli C;Sasso M;Tariello F
;
Vanoli GP
2016

Abstract

In this paper, three alternative layouts (scenarios) of an innovative solar-assistedhybrid desiccant-based air handling unit (AHU) are investigated through dynamic simulations.Performance is evaluated with respect to a reference system and compared to those of the innovativeplant without modifications. For each scenario, different collector types, surfaces and tilt angles areconsidered. The effect of the solar thermal energy surplus exploitation for other low-temperatureuses is also investigated. The first alternative scenario consists of the recovery of the heat rejectedby the condenser of the chiller to pre-heat the regeneration air. The second scenario considers thepre-heating of regeneration air with the warmer regeneration air exiting the desiccant wheel (DW).The last scenario provides pre-cooling of the process air before entering the DW. Results revealthat the plants with evacuated solar collectors (SC) can ensure primary energy savings (15%–24%)and avoid equivalent CO2 emissions (14%–22%), about 10 percentage points more than those withflat-plate collectors, when the solar thermal energy is used only for air conditioning and the collectorshave the best tilt angle. If all of the solar thermal energy is considered, the best results with evacuatedtube collectors are approximately 73% in terms of primary energy saving, 71% in terms of avoidedequivalent CO2 emissions and a payback period of six years.
solar desiccant cooling; desiccant wheel (DW); dynamic simulation; thermo-economic analysis; layout modifications
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12070/4750
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