Using the whole-cell voltage clamp technique, we have studied the Ca2+currents and the steady-state conductance during different oocyte growth stages and during the reproductive cycle of the female of Octopus vulgaris. Evidence is presented that L-type Ca2+ currents are high in small pre-vitellogenic oocytes (80–150 mm diameter) and significantly lower in early vitellogenic oocytes (180–300 mm diameter). Similarly, a significant decrease of the steady-state conductance occurred from the pre to early- vitellogenic oocytes. Octopus oocytes showed larger Ca2+ currents in the reproductive rather than non-reproductive periods. These data indicates that ion and L-type Ca2+ currents play a role in oocyte growth and cytoplasmic maturation, and possibly in preparing the plasma membrane to the interaction with the spermatozoon. By using fluorescent microscopy, we show that oocytes from 80 to 400 mm diameter have the large germinal vesicle characteristic of the immature oocytes. In subsequent stages of growth (up to 1000 mm diameter) the nucleus is no more visible and the metaphase spindle appears. These data demonstrate that Octopus vulgaris oocytes are arrested in the first meiotic prophase up to the early-vitellogenic stage and resume meiosis at this stage up to a second block presumably in metaphase I. We discuss a possible role for progesterone as the hormonal stimulus for the first prophase-metaphase meiotic transition.
|Titolo:||Calcium currents correlate with oocyte maturation during the reproductive cycle in Octopus vulgaris|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|