Heterozygous variants in KCNQ2 or, more rarely, KCNQ3 genes are responsible for early-onset developmental/epileptic disorders characterized by heterogeneous clinical presentation and course, genetic transmission, and prognosis. While familial forms mostly include benign epilepsies with seizures starting in the neonatal or early-infantile period, de novo variants in KCNQ2 or KCNQ3 have been described in sporadic cases of early-onset encephalopathy (EOEE) with pharmacoresistant seizures, various age-related pathological EEG patterns, and moderate/severe developmental impairment. All pathogenic variants in KCNQ2 or KCNQ3 occur in heterozygosity. The aim of this work was to report the clinical, molecular, and functional properties of a new KCNQ3 variant found in homozygous configuration in a 9-year-old girl with pharmacodependent neonatal-onset epilepsy and non-syndromic intellectual disability.

A novel homozygous KCNQ3 loss-of-function variant causes non-syndromic intellectual disability and neonatal-onset pharmacodependent epilepsy

Laudati G.;Ambrosino P.;
2019

Abstract

Heterozygous variants in KCNQ2 or, more rarely, KCNQ3 genes are responsible for early-onset developmental/epileptic disorders characterized by heterogeneous clinical presentation and course, genetic transmission, and prognosis. While familial forms mostly include benign epilepsies with seizures starting in the neonatal or early-infantile period, de novo variants in KCNQ2 or KCNQ3 have been described in sporadic cases of early-onset encephalopathy (EOEE) with pharmacoresistant seizures, various age-related pathological EEG patterns, and moderate/severe developmental impairment. All pathogenic variants in KCNQ2 or KCNQ3 occur in heterozygosity. The aim of this work was to report the clinical, molecular, and functional properties of a new KCNQ3 variant found in homozygous configuration in a 9-year-old girl with pharmacodependent neonatal-onset epilepsy and non-syndromic intellectual disability.
KCNQ3; early‐onset epileptic encephalopathy; homozygous loss‐of‐function variant; intellectual disability; next‐generation sequencing; nonsense‐mediated mRNA decay
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12070/41628
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