In this work, a system consisting of a small scale trigeneration system, in which a heat-led microcogeneratorinteracts with a desiccant-based cooling system, equipped with a silica-gel desiccant wheel, isanalyzed. The system provides the air-conditioning service to a lecture room during summer and winterperiods and, over the whole year, thermal energy for domestic hot water production to a nearby multifamilyhouse.Electricity from the cogenerator is used to drive the electric chiller, the auxiliaries as well as furtherelectric appliances of the lecture room.This trigeneration system is compared with a reference system, equipped with a conventional airhandling unit, based on cooling dehumidification for summer air conditioning. Electricity to power theelectric chiller, the auxiliaries, as well as electric appliances is drawn from the grid. Thermal energyfor winter space heating, air post-heating during summer and domestic hot water purposes is providedby a natural gas boiler.Experimental tests, as well as data derived from manufacturers, are used to implement a model of bothsystems. Simulations were then performed by means of TRNSYS software to compare their thermoeconomicperformance.A sensitivity analysis has been performed, to analyse the effect of the share of cogenerated electricityconsumed on-site. The analysis shows encouraging results, given the Italian energy context for the smallscale trigeneration system, in terms of primary energy consumption and equivalent carbon dioxide emissionsreductions, with maximum values of 7.70% and 15.3%, respectively; on the other hand, it is difficultto achieve a reasonably short pay-back period for the system, even if it accesses all the support mechanismsintroduced by Italian legislation for small scale gas fuelled trigeneration systems and a very highamount of cogenerated electricity is used on-site.
|Titolo:||Dynamic performance assessment of a micro-trigeneration system with a desiccant-based air handling unit in Southern Italy climatic conditions|
ANGRISANI, Giovanni (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|