Soft-sediment deformation structures (SSDS) are widespread in the upper part of the S. Mauro Formation (CilentoGroup,Middle-Late Miocene). The succession is represented mainly by thick and very thick, massive, coarse-grainedsandstones, deposited by rapid sedimentation of high-density turbidity currents. The most common SSDS are shortpillars, dishes, sedimentary sills and convolutions. They occur mostly in the upper parts of sandstone beds. Verticaltubes of 4–5 cm in diameter and up to 50 cm long constitute the most striking structures. They begin in the middle partof sandstone beds, which are basically massive or contain faint dish structures. These tubes can bifurcate upwards and/or pass into bedding-parallel veins or dikes. The vertical tubes sometimes form sand volcanoes on the then sedimentarysurface.The SSDS are interpreted as the result of earthquake-triggered liquefaction and/or fluidisation of the turbidites thatwere affected by the seismic shocks. This implies that the deformed layers should be considered as seismites.
|Titolo:||Soft-sediment deformation structures in seismically affected deep-sea Miocene turbidites (Cilento Basin, southern Italy)|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|