The Capacitated Facility Location Problem (CFLP) is to locate a set of facilities with capacity constraints, to satisfy at the minimum cost the order-demands of a set of clients. A multi-source version of the problem is considered in which each client can be served by more than one facility. In this paper we present a reformulation of the CFLP based on Mixed Dicut Inequalities, a family of minimum knapsack inequalities of a mixed type, containing both binary and continuous (flow) variables. By aggregating flow variables, any Mixed Dicut Inequality turns into a binary minimum knapsack inequality with a single continuous variable. We will refer to the convex hull of the feasible solutions of this minimum knapsack problem as the Mixed Dicut polytope. We observe that the Mixed Dicut polytope is a rich source of valid inequalities for the CFLP: basic families of valid CFLP inequalities, like Variable Upper Bounds, Cover, Flow Cover and Effective Capacity Inequalities, are valid for the Mixed Dicut polytope. Furthermore we observe that new families of valid inequalities for the CFLP can be derived by the lifting procedures studied for the minimum knapsack problem with a single continuous variable. To deal with large-scale instances, we have developed a Branch-and-Cut-and-Price algorithm, where the separation algorithm consists of the complete enumeration of the facets of the Mixed Dicut polytope for a set of candidate Mixed Dicut Inequalities. We observe that our procedure returns inequalities that dominate most of the known classes of inequalities presented in the literature. We report on computational experience with instances up to 1000 facilities and 1000 clients to validate the approach

A cutting plane algorithm for the capacitated facility location problem

AVELLA P;
2009

Abstract

The Capacitated Facility Location Problem (CFLP) is to locate a set of facilities with capacity constraints, to satisfy at the minimum cost the order-demands of a set of clients. A multi-source version of the problem is considered in which each client can be served by more than one facility. In this paper we present a reformulation of the CFLP based on Mixed Dicut Inequalities, a family of minimum knapsack inequalities of a mixed type, containing both binary and continuous (flow) variables. By aggregating flow variables, any Mixed Dicut Inequality turns into a binary minimum knapsack inequality with a single continuous variable. We will refer to the convex hull of the feasible solutions of this minimum knapsack problem as the Mixed Dicut polytope. We observe that the Mixed Dicut polytope is a rich source of valid inequalities for the CFLP: basic families of valid CFLP inequalities, like Variable Upper Bounds, Cover, Flow Cover and Effective Capacity Inequalities, are valid for the Mixed Dicut polytope. Furthermore we observe that new families of valid inequalities for the CFLP can be derived by the lifting procedures studied for the minimum knapsack problem with a single continuous variable. To deal with large-scale instances, we have developed a Branch-and-Cut-and-Price algorithm, where the separation algorithm consists of the complete enumeration of the facets of the Mixed Dicut polytope for a set of candidate Mixed Dicut Inequalities. We observe that our procedure returns inequalities that dominate most of the known classes of inequalities presented in the literature. We report on computational experience with instances up to 1000 facilities and 1000 clients to validate the approach
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12070/2886
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