A stress plasticity solution is proposed for evaluating the gravitational and dynamic active earth pressures on cantilever retaining walls with long heel The solution takes into account the friction angle of the soil, wall roughness, backfill inclination and horizontal and vertical seismic accelerations It is validated by means of the comparison with both traditional limit equilibrium methods (e.g. Mononobe-Okabe equations) and static and pseudostatic numerical FLAC analyses For numerical analyses the soil is modelled as an elasto-plastic non-dilatant medium obeying the Mohr-Coulomb yield criterion, while the wall is elastic. The solutions for the horizontal and vertical seismic coefficients are proposed, which allow one to determine the intensity of the active thrust and its inclination delta with respect to the horizontal It is demonstrated that the latter also depends on the soil friction angle phi. The inclination in seismic conditions delta(E) is greater than the one in static conditions, delta(s), usually adopted in both cases. As a rnatter of fact, since wall stability conditions improve with the increase of inclination delta, the present method gives solutions that are less onerous than traditional ones, producing less conservative wall designs Finally pseudostatic results are compared with proper dynamic analyses (by FLAC code) performed utilising four Italian accelerometric time-histories as input ground motion.
|Titolo:||Evaluation of pseudostatic active earth pressure coefficient of cantilever retaining walls|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|