Lipoprotein fractions in Rana esculenta were separated using the same salt intervals currently applied for human lipoproteins. Very low density lipoproteins (VLDL), low density lipoproteins (LDL) and high density lipoproteins (HDL) were analyzed with reference to the electrophoretic pattern. The lipoprotein electrophoretic pattern in males and females throughout the reproductive cycle showed minor differences. In general, each fraction was characterized by a specific apolipoprotein content. VLDL and LDL fractions were dominated by a high molecular weight (MW) band, most likely the counterpart of human Apolipoprotein B (apo B). The apo B in R. esculenta cross reacted, although weakly, with antibodies raised against chicken apo B. The HDL fraction showed a band with an apparent MW of 29 kDa. The electrophoretic mobility of the protein moiety of HDL was similar to human apolipoprotein A-I (apo A-I). However, HDL apolipoprotein of R. esculenta did not cross react with antibodies against chicken apo A-I under either denaturing or native conditions. The HDL apolipoprotein of R. esculenta was purified by DEAE-Sephacel chromatography followed by HPLC. Its amino acid composition showed a moderate correlation with trout, salmon, chicken and human apo A-I.
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