Ceramic fragments from the archaeological excavation of the Iberian–Roman city of Basti (Spain) were studied from a geochemical point of view and by applying a statistical tool to X-ray fluorescence data to discover similarities between ceramic materials. The analysis of these samples was completed by performing a mineralogical analysis, textural observation, and by characterizing the porous system and the colour of the pieces. Our results enabled us to identify the source area of the clayey raw material in the surroundings of Basti and to estimate the firing temperature of the ceramics. Differences in the chemistry were confirmed by characteristics of the pastes and the mineralogical composition of the pieces. Some samples show black cores, which would suggest the presence of organic matter in the raw material and fast firing of the ceramics. The main types of temper were quartz grains and gneiss fragments, although carbonate grains were also identified. Our evidence suggests that most of the samples were well fired. New silicate phases were found to be present in several samples. The mercury intrusion porosimetry verified and confirmed the firing temperature of noncarbonated samples. Colorimetry showed that the colour of the ceramics varied according to the amount of CaO that they contained.
|Titolo:||IBERIAN CERAMIC PRODUCTION FROM BASTI (BAZA, SPAIN): FIRST GEOCHEMICAL, MINERALOGICAL AND TEXTURAL CHARACTERIZATION|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|