The use of an electromechanical valve actuator (EMVA) formed by two magnets and two balanced springs is a promising tool to implement innovative engine management strate- gies. This actuator needs to be properly controlled to reduce impact velocities during engine valve operations, but the use of a position sensor for each valve is not possible for cost reasons. It is therefore essential to find sensorless solutions based on increasingly predic- tive models of such a mechatronic actuator. To address this task, in this paper, we present an in-depth lumped parameter model of an EMVA based on a hybrid analytical–finite-element method (FEM) approach. The idea is to develop a model of EMVA embedding the well-known predictive behavior of FEM models. All FEM data are then fitted to a smooth curve that renders unknown magnetic quantities in analytical form. In this regard, we select a single- wise function that is able to describe global magnetic quantities as the flux linkage and force both for linear and saturation work- ing regions of the materials. The model intrinsically describes all mutual effects between two magnets. The goodness of the dynamic behavior of the model is finally tested on a series of transient FEM simulations of the actuator in different working conditions.
|Titolo:||Modeling of an Electromechanical Engine Valve Actuator Based on a Hybrid Analytical--FEM Approach|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|