The aim of this research is to assess the possible use of Italian zeolitic rocks for the production of lightweight aggregates.In particular, both the expansion at high temperature and the technological features of fired products were investigated. Fifteenzeolite-bearing volcanoclastites from Northern Sardinia and three zeolitized tuffs from Campania and Tuscany (Sorano andCampanian ignimbrites and Neapolitan Yellow Tuff) were taken into account. The firing expansion turned out to be mainlydependent on the chemical composition (especially SiO2 and fluxing oxides such as Fe2O3, Na2O, K2O, MgO and CaO) andthe water content (largely related to the zeolite amount) of the raw materials. Other relevant parameters were the temperatureof maximum expansion (ranging between 1350 and 1500 jC, without additives) and soaking time (between 2 and 5 min).Some products are highly impervious to water (water absorption below 1%) and exhibit a considerable firing expansion(>100% in volume), a low bulk density (0.5–0.7 gcm 3) and fair technical properties (loose weight and strength ofparticles). These encouraging results make some of the investigated tuffs interesting raw materials for the production oflightweight aggregates.

ZEOLITIC TUFFS AS RAW MATERIALS FOR LIGHTWEIGHT AGGREGATES

LANGELLA A.
2004

Abstract

The aim of this research is to assess the possible use of Italian zeolitic rocks for the production of lightweight aggregates.In particular, both the expansion at high temperature and the technological features of fired products were investigated. Fifteenzeolite-bearing volcanoclastites from Northern Sardinia and three zeolitized tuffs from Campania and Tuscany (Sorano andCampanian ignimbrites and Neapolitan Yellow Tuff) were taken into account. The firing expansion turned out to be mainlydependent on the chemical composition (especially SiO2 and fluxing oxides such as Fe2O3, Na2O, K2O, MgO and CaO) andthe water content (largely related to the zeolite amount) of the raw materials. Other relevant parameters were the temperatureof maximum expansion (ranging between 1350 and 1500 jC, without additives) and soaking time (between 2 and 5 min).Some products are highly impervious to water (water absorption below 1%) and exhibit a considerable firing expansion(>100% in volume), a low bulk density (0.5–0.7 gcm 3) and fair technical properties (loose weight and strength ofparticles). These encouraging results make some of the investigated tuffs interesting raw materials for the production oflightweight aggregates.
Zeolite; Lightweight aggregates; Campi Flegrei; Sardinia; Vulsini district; Italy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12070/1915
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