It is shown that proceeding from the spiral stationary form of the protein chains one can deduce, in a unique way, the explicit expression for the relevant free energy. Namely, the free energy density should be a linear function of the curvature k of the curve which describes the shape of the central line of the protein molecule. Minimization of this energy gives for the pitch-to-radius ratio of the helices the value 2π. The model also enables one to estimate qualitatively the release of the free energy under the transition of the protein chain from the straight line form to the spiral form. The free energy we propose implies, in particular, that the effective bending energy of the protein chain is not proportional to k2, as it is usually adopted in the physics of semi-flexible polymers, but this energy is linear in the curvature k. The relation of this model to the rigid relativistic particles and strings is briefly discussed. The consideration relies on proving the complete integrability of the variational equations for the functionals defined on smooth curves and dependent on the curvature of these curves.
|Titolo:||FUNCTIONALS LINEAR IN CURVATURE AND STATISTICS OF HELICAL PROTEINS|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|