This paper proposes a systematic comparison of parametric (i.e. OLS regressions and related generalizations) and non-parametric (i.e. kernel regressions and regression trees) log-linear gravity models for reproducing international trade. For this aim, a plan of experiments is carried out for the estimation of a log-linear gravity model reproducing import and export trade flows in quantity between Italy and 13 world economic zones, based on a panel estimation dataset. In a first step, the best parametric regression model is estimated, so as to define a baseline reference model. Then, some specifications of non-parametric models, belonging to the categories of kernel regressions and regression trees, are estimated as well. The performances of parametric and non-parametric models are firstly contrasted by means of the comparison of goodness of fit measures (R2, MAPE) both in estimation and in hold out sample validation. Furthermore, in order to assess the differences in model elasticity and forecasts, both parametric and non-parametric models are applied to some future scenarios and the corresponding results contrasted.

AN EMPIRICAL COMPARISON OF PARAMETRIC AND NON-PARAMETRIC TRADE GRAVITY MODELS

Gallo M;Simonelli F.
2012

Abstract

This paper proposes a systematic comparison of parametric (i.e. OLS regressions and related generalizations) and non-parametric (i.e. kernel regressions and regression trees) log-linear gravity models for reproducing international trade. For this aim, a plan of experiments is carried out for the estimation of a log-linear gravity model reproducing import and export trade flows in quantity between Italy and 13 world economic zones, based on a panel estimation dataset. In a first step, the best parametric regression model is estimated, so as to define a baseline reference model. Then, some specifications of non-parametric models, belonging to the categories of kernel regressions and regression trees, are estimated as well. The performances of parametric and non-parametric models are firstly contrasted by means of the comparison of goodness of fit measures (R2, MAPE) both in estimation and in hold out sample validation. Furthermore, in order to assess the differences in model elasticity and forecasts, both parametric and non-parametric models are applied to some future scenarios and the corresponding results contrasted.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12070/11118
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